12 / 1994
A questionnaire including simple questions about AIDS and a series of instructive figures, made by a doctor-member of the research team was distributed to 51 adolescents attending the "special" school for the deaf in Thessaloniki. The questionnaire was answered by 27 boys and girls, aged 14-22.
As a second step, we distributed a simple typed text about AIDS to all adolescents to read and then a speech with total method, that is oral and sign language, was given with simultaneous slide projection. A month later, the same questionnaire was distributed again and it was answered by exactly the same individuals.
Table 2 shows the answers to the question "where did you learn about AIDS from?" Before the informative procedure, the main sources of information were television (86,3%)and newspapers (78,4%). After the informative procedure, newspapers were stated to be the first source of information (88,2%)and school as the second (74,5%).
Evidently, the informative procedure that took place at school, urged the adolescents to look for some more information in the papers.
Table 3 shows the answers to the question "AIDS contamination?" Before the informative procedure, it was wrongly stated : by mosquito sting (52,9%), handshaking (43,2%), sea (43,2%), school (39,2%). After the informative procedure, the hearing impaired were much better informed and the rate of the above mentioned wrong answers was eliminated.
Table 4 shows the replies to the question "Who are mostly in danger to be contaminated with AIDS?" Before the informative procedure, it was stated that mostly the drug addicts (80,4%)and people with sexual relations without using a condom (80,4%).
It is worth mentioning that 27,4% answered that people having sexual relations with condom are in danger and 31,4% stated that everybody is in danger through normal social relations. After the informative procedure, it was stated that those in danger are : the homosexuals ones (88,2%), the drug addicts (88,2%), and those having sexual relations without condom (92,2%). At the same time, the wrong estimation regarding social relations and sexual relations with condom was eliminated.
The purpose of this paper is to present the attempt to inform a group of hearing impaired adolescents about AIDS, through a special methodology, as well as to estimate the degree of information.
The result of the investigation showed that through the application of the particular informative procedure there was considerable improvement of their knowledge concerning AIDS.
GESTES Groupe d’Etude Spécialisé "Thérapies et Surdités"organised in Paris the ESMHD European Society for Mental Health and Deafnessthird international congress,on december 1994. The publication of the proceedings will occur later on.
Written from the speeches of Magda HITOGLOU ANTONIADIS, G. KEKES and J. DANIILIDIS, ENT Departement, Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki, AHEPH hospital, GREECE.
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HITOGLOU ANTONIADIS, Magda; KEKES, G.; DANIILIDIS, J., GESTES
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