09 / 1995
Since 1983, community organizations, activists and non-government organizations from other Katchi-Abadies and informal settlements im Karachi and other cities of Pakistan have applied to the Orangi Pilot Project (OPP)for help in replicating its Low Cost Sanitation Program in their areas.
Since 1986, international agencies have also cultivated its relationship with OPP, and in recent years tried to replicate the OPP experience by integrating it into planning processes of government projects they are sponsoring. The following are some of the projects which replicates the Orangi Pilot Project:- Baba Island, Masoon Shah Colony, Karachi; Chanezar Goth, Karachi; Manzoor Colony, Karachy; Mauripur, Grex and Tikri Villages, Karachi; Urban Basic Services Program of UNICEF in Sukkur Katchi Abadies, Shikarpur and Larkana; The World Bank Collaborative Katchi Abadi Improvement Program Pilot Project at Hyderabad.
OPP also serves as advisor to the following projects:
KMC’s Katchi Abadi Upgrading Program, Kot Lakhpat, Lahore; Overseas Development Assistance’s (United Kingdom)attempts of replication in Faisalabad.
The Sukkur Urban Basic Services Project
The project comprises 3 Katchi Abadies (Squatter settlements)in Sukkur-Gol Tikri, Kaan 18-19 and Bhusa Lane, for a total population of 30,000, with around 4500 houses and spread over 126 hectares.
The aim of the project was to evolve a model of development with the Government and the people as partners. UNICEF and OPP-RTI played the role of support institutions. The problem of sanitation was addressed, followed by health.
Based on the Orangi, Karachi experience, the development was divided in two levels:
a)The internal development (latrine, underground swerage line, and secondary or collector sewerage in the lane)which can be done more efficiently by mobilizing local ressources (social, managerial and financial);
b)The external development (main trunk sewers, treatment plant)which can be done by the Government.
Role of the actors
The following are the participants in the project:
- UNICEF: financing and facilitator;
SKKA (Sindh Katchi Abadies Authority): co-financing and coordination;
SMC (Sukkur Municipal Corporation): financing, implementation and maintenance of external sanitation;
PHED (Public Health Engineering Department): designing for external sanitation and assistance in supervision;
COMMUNITY: financing, management and maintenance of internal sanitation;
OPP-RTI: training and advisory role, social and technical guidance for external and internal sanitation and health program, documentation and monitoring.
Progress of work
The waste wate from the area was disposed in a pond (3.65m)deep and spread over (4,04 Ha). The pond was overflowing and flooding the settlement during the rains. In a dialogue with the community, the residents expressed their willingness to undertake the internal sanitation work if the de-watering of the pond was undertaken by the government. An Appropriate plan for de-watering the pond was made available by the PHED department; the plan for thrunk sewer and treatment plant was also added.
When the residents of the adjoining settlement saw the emptying of the pond and compared it with their own ponds which continue to overflow during the rains, they were encouraged to stop the flooding in their own communities. A plan for external development is now being prepared for them.
A lease camp has been set up in the project area ti regularize the land. With the general money, a revolving fund for the external development is generated.
Twelve centers have been established to provide basic health education, nutrition and child care, and how to prevent diseases, through the neighborhood approach. Also immunization services were provided.
Data card carried out for the governmentT/NGO cooperation project in the field of human settlement.
ANZORENA, Eduardo Jorge, SELAVIP, SELAVIP in. SELAVIP NEWSLETTER, 1994/04, APRIL 1994